High blood pressure can be defined as the force that is exerted when blood is being circulated on the walls of the blood vessel. Blood pressure refers to the pressure which takes place in the larger arteries. The artery takes blood away from the human heart. Hypertension occurs when the blood pressure is high. When the blood pressure becomes low, it is called hypotension.
In the US, 46% of the adults have been diagnosed with hypertension which is another name for blood pressure. This is a silent killer that has taken the life of many people. It can cause several illnesses such as strokes, kidney failure, and heart attacks. The new health rule is, if the blood pressure of a person is above 130/80mmHg, it is regarded as being high.
High blood pressure occurs when the blood pressure increases at an abnormal rate. This illness tends to develop gradually over the course of some years. This illness is a dreadful one that can damage some organs in the human body such as kidneys, heart, eyes, brain, organs and blood vessels. That’s why early detection of this illness is important.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
No symptoms will be experienced because high blood pressure is a silent illness. Symptoms of this illness will start showing after several years must have gone by. The following are the symptoms of high blood pressure:
- Chest pains
- A migraine headache
- Shortness of breath etc.
All these symptoms need rapt medical attention in order to prevent avert effect.
Hypertension occurs when the blood pressure is high. When the blood pressure becomes low, it is called hypotension. This illness can become something that comes as a result of genetic or hereditary. For instance, someone whose family has a history of heart disease there will be chances that the same person might have it. It is advisable to go for a medical checkup twice in a year.
Causes of high blood pressure
There is only a single measurement for the diagnosis of low or high blood pressure, this can be either systolic pressure (when the heart beats), or diastolic pressure (when the heart relaxes) or both. The following factors can cause high blood pressure: stress, aging, smoking, excessive salt intake, obesity, hereditary (genetics), lack of physical exercise, thyroid and adrenal disorders, and chronic kidney disease.
Medications of high blood pressure
There are two medications that can be used in treating hypertension by a medical doctor and they are:
- Adalat – This is a dihydropyridine calcium blocker that is used for treating Angina, hypertension, and pectoris. Examples of the drugs are Nifedical and Procardia.
- Aldactone – This drug can be used consumed with other drugs. The main function of this drug is for controlling hypertension temporarily not a permanent cure.
Natural ways to lower high blood pressure
Lifestyle is an important factor that needs to be considered in treating high blood pressure. Someone with a healthy lifestyle might not require any medication to cure it. The following lifestyle can lower your high blood pressure naturally:
- Physical exercise:
Physical exercise done on a daily basis can lower your high blood pressure. Your blood pressure might rise again if you stop doing the exercise. Exercise can help you get rid of hypertension, especially aerobic exercises. Examples of aerobic exercises are cycling, swimming, walking, dancing, and swimming. A medical doctor has to be consulted before you start your exercise.
- Healthy diet:
Your diet should contain enough fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, vegetables and foods that have low cholesterol. This can lower high blood pressure by up to 11mmHg. The following tips can help your diet:
- Have a food diary: When you write the food you want to eat, you can be sure to monitor your eating habit.
- Consider boosting potassium: Potassium can reduce the effects of sodium on high blood pressure. Fruits and vegetables are very rich in potassium.
- Be a wise shopper: Make sure you read food labels when you are shopping and stick to a healthy diet when you eat outside.
- Reduce the intake of sodium: A reduction in sodium intake can maintain your heart and also reduce hypertension. In order to do this, you must avoid taking salt in your meal and consumed fewer processed foods.
- Control the amount of alcohol:
Drinking alcohol has its own advantages and disadvantages. You have to control the way you drink alcohol. It is advisable for women to drink it once in a day and two a day for male folks. This can lower your hypertension by about 4 mm Hg. When you go against this rule, you can be at risk of having high blood pressure.
Each stick of cigarette you consume can lead to high blood pressure for some minutes after you are done. When you abstain for smoking the pressure of your blood goes back to normal. Heart disease that comes along with smoking can be prevented. People who don’t smoke may tend to live longer than people who smoke.
- Avoid caffeine:
Many people are still debating the effect of caffeine on blood pressure. For people who don’t consume it, caffeine can increase blood pressure to 10 mm Hg in people who don’t consume it. For people who drink it on daily basis may observe minute or no effect on their blood pressure. You need to check your blood pressure after 30 minutes of drinking caffeine to know whether your blood pressure has increased.
Constant stress is one of the contributors for high blood pressure. You need to relax and reflect on what makes you feel stressed and think of the possible ways to reduce or eliminate stress. People encounter stress in various ways such as illness, finances, family and work etc. All these can bring stress and then causes hypertension. The following are guidelines to eliminate or reduce stress:
- Avoid stress generators: You need to avoid this when you can. For instance, if there is a traffic jam on your way to work or back home that causes stress, try leaving before time to avoid this.
- Have time to relax: The human body needs some time to relax and feel refresh. You can do this by spending the time to enjoy the activities you love doing.
- Focus on problems you can solve: If there’s a problem in your place of work, home or with your spouse or kids etc. Then you have to look for a way to resolve the issue to have a calm and sound mind.
- Regular checkup:
Checking your high blood pressure can be done at home or in the hospital. This alerts you where there’s a serious complication. Blood pressure monitors can be purchased both offline and online stores. When you make use of it you are certain about the condition of your hypertension. Don’t forget to consult a medical doctor to know the blood pressure monitors you need.
Food that raises high blood pressure naturally
Being smart the kind of thing you consume is important if you want to manage your high blood pressure. The two main therapies for hypertension are exercise and diet. If both of them can be managed, the blood pressure will go back to normal.
Most medical doctors lay emphasis on the importance of diet and exercise to hypertensive patients, instead of using medications that can have various side effects. The following foods can increase blood high blood pressure and they must be avoided:
- Processed foods
- Fatty foods
- Refined sugar
- Frozen foods
- Baked foods
- Red meats
- Canned tomatoes
- Table salt
- Margarine etc.
Foods that lower high blood pressure naturally
The following foods are good for hypertensive patients and can lower blood pressure:
- Leafy greens:
Leafy greens are rich in potassium that help your kidney excrete sodium when you are urinating and reduce high blood pressure. Examples of these leafy greens are turnip greens, spinach, swiss chard, kale, arugula, beet greens, romaine lettuce, and beet greens.
Berries, especially the blue ones contain natural compounds which are called flavonoids. They can prevent hypertension and help reduce high blood pressure. Examples of these berries are raspberries, strawberries, and blueberries. You can take them as dessert after taking your main meal.
Beets contain nitric oxide that can function well with your blood vessels. A research has been carried out about red beets and it has been discovered that it helps to lower high blood pressure within 24 hours.
- Skim milk and yogurt:
Skim milk is rich in calcium and has low-fat content. They are used in reducing high blood pressure. Research done by American Heart Association, women who consumed five or more servings of skim yogurt in a week discovered a 20% reduction in blood pressure.
It has high-fiber, low-sodium, and low-fat to help lower high blood pressure. Eating oatmeal as your breakfast can give your body the required energy to kick starts your day.
Other foods that can lower your high blood pressure are:
- Mackerel, Salmon, and fish with omega 3
- Garlic and herbs
- Dark chocolate
- Olive oil